Digital Technologies or Information and Communication Technologies or ICTs increasingly impact the socio-cultural, political, economic and personal dimensions of our lives. Over the last decade, personal digital devices, the World Wide Web and social networking have brought about fundamental changes in the basic human processes of communication, access and use of information. Today, ICTs are being integrated into a wide range of educational activities, from the classroom, to teaching, nature of materials and managing education. Educational applications, games, interactive new media, massive online open courses and learning management systems have provided new ways of organizing and managing learning.
The design of technology architecture is neither neutral nor benign. Educationists are concerned with larger forces shaping society and are visualizing purpose of education as helping the understanding and response to these forces. ICTs could enable working at scale, reducing inefficiencies and supporting participation and collaboration. However, ICTs can also be exclusionary, centralize control and increase vulnerability.